Frederic Joliot-Curie National Research Institute for Radiobiology and Radiohygiene, Hungary
NRIRR was established in 1957 and belongs to the National Public Health and Medical Officer Service. It is divided into three Departments: Radiobiology; Radiohygiene and Non-ionising Radiations. NRIRR serves as a supporting institution on all radiation protection related issues including education & training, radiation monitoring and radiation protection against ionizing radiation exposures at workplaces, in the environment and during medical applications, as well as in the case of radiation emergencies to the Chief Medical Officer (CMO), the main radiation protection authority in Hungary. NRIRR prepares expert opinions for authority decisions for radiation protection qualification of radiating equipment, for establishment of medical irradiators and industrial accelerators, as well as for authority licensing of nuclear reactors, radioactive waste disposals, etc. NRIRR performs acceptance tests of new medical radiology equipment; evaluates and harmonizes occupational radiohygiene activity and runs the National Personal Dosimetry Service and Database. NRIRR measures radioactive materials in environmental samples, coordinates the Hungarian Joint Environmental Radiation Monitoring System and maintains its central database. NRIRR maintains a unique, 24 h National Service for Radiation Health Emergency Preparedness. NRIRR is licensed to supervise the medical radiation emergency preparedness service and to determine the radioactive contamination and internal radiation burden of humans both by physical means and by biodosimetry. NRIRR is an accredited laboratory in all fields of radioactivity measurements. The research activity of NRIRR covers the whole range of radiation science from physical interaction with matter to the application of radiation in medical, as well as in industrial practices. The quality and levels of radiation hazards, the health consequences of radiation, the occupational effects of radiation and the principles, as well as the practice of protection against the harmful effects of radiation are studied. NRIRR is engaged in investigating the biological effects of radiation including low dose effects. On the educational field besides advising CMO on the authorization of basic and advanced level radiation protection courses, NRIRR is the only body in Hungary licensed to organize comprehensive level radiation protection courses. NRIRR maintains active relationships with several Hungarian universities, scientists of NRIRR are organizing radiation biology courses and involved in the PhD programmes of several universities. NRIRR is the member of the MELODI and EURADOS platforms and applied for NERIS membership. NRIRR participated in the EU FP6 NOTE, FP7 CEREBRAD, DoReMi and OPERRA projects.
Role in the project
NRIRR participates in WP2, WP3 and WP7. Thanks to its broad research area and to the participation in various European platforms NRIRR can efficiently participate in the development of the SRA and to the determinations of the priority research and joint programming needs. NRIRR can contribute to the establishment of new E&T activities on the European level, and can help the integration of the E&R programmes of universities.